The sacroiliac joint (SIJ) is the joint between the sacrum and the ilium, or your tailbone and pelvic bone. You have an SI joint on either side of the lowest part of your back. This joint helps with shock absorption between the upper and lower body.
Sacroiliac joint dysfunction can be painful and interfere with your active lifestyle. Pain that resides at the dimple of the lower back and travels into the gluts, upper thigh and groin may be an indication of SIJ dysfunction. You may also have difficulty standing up after sitting, using stairs, or rolling over in bed.
Three types of SIJ dysfunction are:
- Hypermobile – moves too much and is unstable
- Hypomobile – stiff or shifts out of position and gets stuck
- Sacroiliitis – inflammation of the joint
Common causes of SIJ Dysfunction are:
- Trauma from a fall
- Postural errors that consistently place more weight through one side of your pelvis such as: crossing your legs, leaning on one arm rest or tucking legs under you while you sit, sitting on a wallet regularly or carrying a child on one hip
- Various types of arthritis cause inflammation and pain
- Pregnancy or Post-Partum Hormones: when the hormones present during this time, they relax the ligaments and the joint could shift and lock out of place
- One leg longer than the other increases the pressure on one side that travels up the knee and hip joints
- Muscle imbalances or weaknesses around the hips/gluts/low back that cause even slightly poor mechanics, which when repeated with running, walking or exercise, can cause pain
Your Physiotherapist or Athletic Therapist can assess the cause of your pain and treat the joints and the surrounding muscles in the hip and lower back to relieve the pain and discomfort while correcting any biomechanical imbalances. They will use specialized techniques to restore the normal alignment and mobility of the SI joints. They can also provide exercises that will help stabilize and support the area as well as stretch out the tense muscles.
Registered Massage Therapy can also be of great value with SI joint dysfunction. There is generally a lot of muscle tension and spasm around the joints through the hips and low back that can be relieved with Massage Therapy to help lessen pain and allow the joints to move and align better. Massage Therapy paired with Physiotherapy or Athletic Therapy can be a winning combination for this injury.
As with all injuries, this information is simply a guide, and it is always best to check in with a Physiotherapist or Athletic Therapist to have a personalized assessment and hear recommendations for what you and your body may specifically need.
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Inertia Physio+ offers Kanata and Stittsville exceptional Physiotherapy, Athletic Therapy and Registered Massage Therapy with private treatment rooms, one on one care, a maximum of two patients per hour and treatment focused on the evidence based practices of manual and exercise therapy. Don’t suffer any longer. If you have pain or injury, our Kanata and Stittsville Physiotherapy, Athletic Therapy and Registered Massage Therapy team is here to help you get back to life pain free life and activities. Please reach out to us at (613) 672-2200 or firstname.lastname@example.org for an appointment today! You are also welcome to book online. We also offer direct billing on Physiotherapy and Massage Therapy services whenever your plan allows.
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